Twitter Facebook Linked In Mail Hepatitis B is a liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis B virus HBV and is spread through contact with infected body fluids cervical cancer quick facts blood products.
Following acute infection with HBV, cervical cancer quick facts people go on to develop a chronic infection. Transmission routes and symptoms Hepatitis B is spread through contact with contaminated body fluids.
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Most infections occur by coming into contact with infected blood but semen, saliva and cervical secretions can also be infectious. The virus can live on surfaces for at least seven days which means it can be transmitted via objects that have been contaminated with infected body fluids e.
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Sexual transmission and injecting drug use are the most common current routes of transmission in Europe. Transmission may also occur in healthcare settings due to the reuse or inadequate sterilisation of medical equipment, especially syringes and needles.
Transmission via blood transfusion or through the use of plasma-derived products is now rare in Europe due to effective blood safety programmes. Whilst many individuals have no symptoms associated with the acute infection, those who do may experience tiredness, loss of appetite, abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting and fever. The development of chronic HBV infection is inversely associated with the age at which the individual is infected.
In addition, they may be at risk of transmitting cervical cancer quick facts infection to others.
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cervical cancer quick facts Thanks to testing programmes during pregnancy and vaccination at birth, perinatal HBV transmission now only occurs rarely in Europe but remains cervical cancer quick facts of the major routes of transmission globally. High level of protection: the hepatitis B vaccine The hepatitis B vaccine is the mainstay of hepatitis B prevention.
Табу Иуда, - произнес тот как ни в чем не бывало. Беккер посмотрел на него с недоумением. Панк сплюнул в проход, явно раздраженный невежеством собеседника. - Табу Иуда.
Safe and effective vaccines are available that offer high levels of protection and most countries in Europe have implemented a universal vaccination programme. With evidence of on-going transmission and continuing importation of cases, these vaccination programmes are essential in order to achieve the target of hepatitis elimination by In addition to vaccination programmes the implementation of blood safety strategies and safe injection practices can prevent transmission of HBV.
Safer sex practices can also protect against transmission.
Data Infographic - 27 Jul This infographic explains the different types of hepatitis and explains what has to be done to eliminate viral hepatits as a public health threat in Europe.